Pavel Кogan

Kogan Pavel

Pavel Kogan

Pavel Kogan

Academician of The Russian Academy of Arts. Born on June 6, 1952 in Moscow.

Conductor, Art Director of the Moscow State Academic Symphony Orchestra, People’s Artist of Russia, State Prize of the Russian Federation Laureate. Companion of the Order of Merit for the Fatherland (3rd and 4th class), Order of Friendship.

Conductor and violinist Pavel Kogan was born and spent his entire life in the centre of Moscow. His parents were remarkable violinists — the People’s Artist of the USSR Leonid Kogan and Moscow State Conservatory Professor Elizaveta Ghilels. His neighbors were outstanding musicians Dmitry Shostakovich, Aram Khachaturian, Mstislav Rostropovich, Dmitry Kabalevsky and Sviatoslav Richter. His parents often discussed their creative ideas and problems of art with their friends and young Pavel Kogan was always glad to listen to their talks.

These discussions let him understand that the only way to reach the peak was the constant development of your artistic skill. Sometimes he wanted to forget about everything and go play soccer with his friends in the backyard. But he never let himself stop practising. He couldn’t imagine his life without classical concerts. He liked to study music instruments and the history of music. He imagined himself on stage. And in his world there was a lot of interesting things besides his beloved violin. «I always liked an idea of using many instruments to realize my creative intentions, — Pavel recalls. — Eventually I became very interested in studying the symphonic repertoire. It seemed endless even if you compared it with music written for violin. I saw my violin career as a first step to a conductor’s stand. And when it started to become more real, I gradually began reducing the amount of my solo performances. So my choice of specialty wasn’t a problem at all. I always wanted to rule the orchestra and stand behind the conductor’s stand.»

His dreams came true when Pavel Kogan began performing music with famous symphony orchestras. His first performance with the State Academic Symphony Orchestra of the USSR took place in 1971. After that he worked with the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, St. Petersburg Philharmonia, Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Belgian National Orchestra, Spanish Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, China Philharmonic Orchestra and many others. In 1988 Pavel directed the production of the La Traviata opera by Giuseppe Verdi. The performance was warmly welcomed. Later that year he became the head of Zagreb Philharmonics, an authoritative symphonic collective of Yugoslavia.

In 1989 Kogan was offered the job of the art director and chief conductor in the Moscow State Symphony Orchestra. It was not easy to be accepted by a group of honored and established musicians but Pavel Kogan got through it and was chosen unanimously. For the first and the last time in the USSR history! «Our orchestra is an affinity group, — Pavel says. — Therefore we are such sensitive team of musicians having our own chemistry and unique style. Critics notice riches of strings, exceptional accuracy, power of brass and artistic freedom.»

Psychological contact with orchestra members is very important for Pavel Kogan. A great conductor should be able to give a convincing answer to the question why his musicians have to treat music they played a week ago the other way around. It’s a wonder of delicate workmanship. «It’s also very important to let everyone grasp the essence of a musical piece, — Pavel says. — And conductor should be a hard worker and neverforget details. Moreoveryou should not only be an educated man, knew the repertoire and understand styles, but also be an artistic person.» These methods were learned by Pavel Kogan from St. Petersburg Conservatory Professor llya Musin. According to the main point of his teaching, the conductor has to interpret his emotions through his gestures and let the audience and the orchestra understand them during the performance.